Ahad, 12 Julai 2015

"Memulas Tangan" Najib (Arm-Twisting Najib): TPPA satu senjata ekonomi Amerika untuk menguasai Selat Melaka


Status Facebook Robert Reich yang menyentuh kepentingan Malaysia kepada Amerika dalam TPPA berserta laporan "The Diplomat" berkenaan ucapan US Defense Secreatary bahawa TPPA sama penting seperti Aircraft Carrier.


oleh Wan Fayhsal

"Robert, I agree with what you've written above but you missed one thing: It's not only "carrots" but also "stick" was used to arm-twisting Prime Minister Najib as revealed by The Wall Street Journal recently after receiving crucial documents from whistleblowers on his alleged kleptocratic practices using stated-owned "strategic development company" to siphon billions from state coffers for election purposes."

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Siapakah Robert Reich? Beliau ialah Profesor Ekonomi yang pernah menjadi US Secretary of Labor ketika zaman Bill Clinton, dan pernah berkhidmat di bawah Presiden Ford dan Carter. 

Apa yang beliau jelaskan disini dalam posting Facebook-nya (https://goo.gl/nAw0VE) tentang TPPA, ianya senada dengan apa yang saya telah tulis baru-baru ini "Apakah pembongkaran skandal 1MDB satu bentuk konspirasi tangan-tangan asing?" (http://goo.gl/K8cMky)

Kenapa Malaysia sangat-sangat penting untuk Obama perlu sedaya upaya memastikan Malaysia tandatangani perjanjiannya? 

(1) Dasar "containment" ke atas China.  

(2) Amerika mahu lancarkan Doktrin Carter di Selat Melaka, sama seperti yang sudah ada di Selat Hormuz. 
(*Ada satu lagi sebab tapi saya rasa ini "complex" untuk perbahasan awam. Kita simpan dulu.)

Kenapa? Simple. Kerana laluan perdagangan dan paling penting apa yang mantan Presiden China Hu Jintao pernah mengeluh iaitu "Dilema Melaka" (Malacca's Dilemma) yang berlaku ke atas China. 

Hampir 70% keperluan tenaga minya dan gas asli negara-negara Asia Timur khusus seperti China, Jepun, dan Korea dieksport melalui Selat Melaka yang digelar sebagai sebuah laluan sempit (chokepoint) terpenting di dunia.  

Kalau kita ingat sewaktu operasi pencarian MH370, Amerika "membantu" dengan menghantar kapal terbang P-8 Poseidon milik US Navy yang mana salah satu fungsinya ialah "electronic signals intelligence" (ELINT). 

Seperti pepatah Melayu "sambil menyelam minum air", US Navy disamping membantu kerja-kerja mencari MH370, mereka juga telah lakukan "reconnaissance" melalui "sweeping" muka bumi dan muka laut Selat Melaka daripada udara. 

Kesemua fakta ini mengesahkan hakikat bahawa Malaysia adalah sebuah negara perbentengan (buffer state) antara Amerika dan China. 

Bermakna sebelum perang sebenar meletus dengan China, Malaysia adalah aset strategik untuk menyerap dan melemahkan pengaruh China antara Lautan Hindi dan Lautan Cina Selatan yang penuh dengan aset yang China gelar sebagai "String of Pearls" seperti pelabuhan yang dibina dipersisiran SLOC (Sea Lines of Communication) dari Timur Tengah hingga ke China. 

(Rujuk juga tulisan saya "Geopolitik, Kedaulatan dan POTA" http://goo.gl/tECcua)

Sudah tentu kita maklum bahawa sidang kemuncak rundingan TPPA akan berlaku hujung bulan Julai ini. Amerika tidak bodoh. Mereka ingin berunding dalam keadaan mereka ada "upper hand" ke atas semua negara-negara yang "dipelawa" masuk ke dalam TPPA. 

Kita dah dapat banyak "sweetener" sebelum ini seperti kerusi di Majlis Keselamatan PBB, lawatan Obama, dan entah apa lagi yang kita tidak dimaklumkan. 

Kini mereka cuba ambil kesempatan atas kesilapan (blunder) DS Najib melalui 1MDB yang telah berjaya ditembusi oleh Kuda Trojan Kewangan Amerika iaitu Goldman Sachs melalui jerat hutang seperti kes Greece. Semua ini adalah "tell tale" modus operandi "Economic Hitmen" yang dijelaskan oleh John Perkins. 

Adalah tidak menghairankan dari segi "timing" pendedahan The Wall Street Journal berhubung skandal 1MDB dan DS Najib berlaku pada saat ini sebagai salah satu desakan untuk memulas tangan DS Najib satu taktik Machiavelli bergelar "Green Room" yang biasa digunakan dalam rundingan-rundingan perjanjian perdagangan yang penting khusus dalam siri rundingan Badan Perdagangan Dunia (WTO) dahulu.

Mampukah DS Najib dalam keadaan kredibiliti moralnya terjejas teruk dan terdedah kepada keberangkalian untuk diperas ugut untuk menutup skandal 1MDB mampu mewakili kita dan kepentingan negara dalam rundingan TPPA?


Isnin, 6 Julai 2015

Apakah pembongkaran skandal 1MDB satu bentuk konspirasi tangan-tangan asing?





Terjemahan artikel The New York Times ke dalam Bahasa Melayu dan Mandarin adalah satu bentuk penyebaran secara meluas kepada pembaca kumpulan majoriti rakyat Malaysia.

oleh Wan Fayhsal

Berderu-deru cybertroopers DS Najib mempertahankan beliau dan 1MDB dengan mendakwa WSJ, Sarawak Report adalah agen Zionis untuk menjatuhkan negara. 

Ya tiada siapa nafikan WSJ, Sarawak Report ada agenda masing-masing yang kita perlu awasi. Mereka hanya buat kerja mereka iaitu menghidu kelemahan kita yakni korupsi dan pecah amanah untuk mereka ambil kesempatan ke atas keculasan dan kebodohan kita. 

Adakah ianya satu konspirasi asing? Ya.


Adakah Tun Mahathir membantu konspirasi asing? Tidak. 


Saya sudah ulaskan dulu sebulan lalu (https://goo.gl/Iwsjb9) bahawa pendedahan-pendedahan The New York Times (NYT) yang mereka sanggup terjemahkan ke dalam dua bahasa vernakular terbesar di Malaysia adalah mirip modus operandi media asing untuk menjatuhkan Suharto sekaligus menjajah ekonomi Indonesia melalui "Structural Adjustment Plan" di bawah IMF dan World Bank. 

Objektif utama: membangkitkan kemarahan rakyat jelata. 

Maka pendedahan The Wall Street Journal (WSJ di bawah hakmilik News Corp kepunyaan Rupert Murdoch) yang kita semua tahu kerap membela DS Anwar Ibrahim adalah salah satu organ propaganda kuasa Barat. 

Berbeda dengan pendedahan Majalah TIME ke atas korupsi keluarga Suharto yang menjatuhkannya pada 1998, pendedahan NYT dan WSJ pada hemat saya bukan bertujuan untuk jatuhkan DS Najib. Sebaliknya ianya adalah satu bentuk ugutan kepada beliau - setelah mereka gagal harapkan DS Anwar Ibrahim memenangi PRU - untuk mempersiapkan Malaysia sebagai "Negara Pembentengan" (Buffer State) sebagai salah satu rencana "Pengepungan Tanah Besar China" (Containment of People's Republic of China). 

Ada mirip modus operandi media asing membakar kemarahan rakyat Indonesia pada 1998 dulu terhadap skandal korupsi keluarga Presiden Suharto.

TPPA adalah salah satu mekanisme kepada dasar "containment" ini dan Malaysia berada di tengah-tengah kancah yang besar seperti yang saya telah beri amaran setahun lalu dalam tulisan saya "Pelanduk on the Pivot: Is Malaysia 3S Ready?" (http://goo.gl/PBwxKv).

1MDB adalah keldai sekaligus kuda trojan (mule and trojan horse) untuk operasi ini melalui mekanisme perangkap hutang (debt entrapment) menggunakan "pensabotaj ekonomi" (economic hitmen) seperti yang dijelaskan oleh bekas economic hitmen, John Perkins yang sudah berlaku ke atas Greece sejak tahun 2000 (http://goo.gl/CTNRgG).

Siapakah "economic hitmen" untuk 1MDB? Goldman Sachs. 

Bagaimana DS Najib terperangkap? Beliau cuba mengambil jalan pintas untuk mendapatkan bantuan pinjaman untuk kempen PRU menggunakan Goldman Sachs seperti yang didedahkan oleh WSJ, dan Sarawak Report TANPA beliau sedar sebenarnya "mereka" bukan saja Goldman Sachs, telah menyusup masuk untuk membuatkan DS Najib bergantung kepada "mereka". 

Jho Low, Tim Leissner, Roger Ng, ini nama-nama yang punya kehandalan dan terlibat kepada penyusunan dan penstrukturan urusan kewangan 1MDB khusus melibatkan pengluaran kertas hutang (bonds and middle term notes) untuk memerangkap DS Najib yang terdesak. 

Sebenarnya Tun Mahathir adalah penyelamat dalam hal ini kerana beliau sudah berjaya hidu dan berkali-kali menegur DS Najib secara pertemuan empat mata tetapi DS Najib tidak endah. 

Sekarang tampaknya sudah terlambat. DS Najib masih menyerang Tun Mahathir untuk alih perhatian sedangkan Tun Mahathir berupaya membantu DS Najib keluar daripada perangkap yang ditinggalkan kuasa asing ke atas DS Najib melalui 1MDB. 

Pendedahan dan dakwaan NYT, WSJ dan Sarawak Report ada asas yang kukuh kerana mereka bukan saja perolehi daripada sumber dalaman tetapi lebih penting dari luar khusus berhubung jejak-jejak Jho Low, Riza Aziz dan sebarang transaksi melibatkan US Dollar oleh 1MDB seperti jelasnya WSJ dan Sarawak Report.

Apakah langkah terbaik yang DS Najib patut buat? Pada hemat saya jumpa dengan Tun Mahathir dan selesaikan. Kita ada kepentingan negara dan rakyat yang lebih besar daripada maruah seorang pemimpin dan sebuah parti. Musuh sedang menangguk di air yang keruh.


Jumaat, 3 Julai 2015

Could the RICO Act be applied to 1MDB?







by Wan Ahmad Fayhsal

Last week the world most beautiful game rear its ugly head. Top officials of FIFA, the international governing body of football were marred by allegations of high-level corruptions. Seven senior FIFA officials were arrested in Switzerland on corruption charges and facing extradition that were brought by the United States Department of Justice (DOJ).

Although this news brought cheers to many football fans across the world and many football officials and illustrious former players lauded the US government for finally dare to challenge the long-running corrupted cultures within FIFA, from legal and most importantly geopolitical perspective this warrants some serious questions: why were the indictments were made by US DOJ – a country which everyone knows not a football (soccer as they called it) powerhouse?

Most importantly, what was the legal basis for US DOJ to issue the 47-count indictment and extradition against FIFA officials who are mostly non-US citizens that are not subject to any jurisdictions under the US federal law?

It could be made possible only via chapter 96 of Title 18 of the US Code - a criminal and penal code under the federal law of the US or best known as the RICO Act.

What is RICO?

The RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations) Act is federal law that confers wide powers to prosecute organized crime on the grounds of financial malfeasance. It was widely use in the 70s to curtail mafia racketeering, which consists of multiple crimes such as money laundering, bribes, extortion, wire fraud and many others.

Before RICO existed, the authorities were having hard time to pin down the mafia en bloc as their criminal acts were slyly covered and fronted by legal businesses and operated through various individuals that seemed to hold no connection among one another.


To combat this menace, the US Congress passed RICO and it was an effective piece of legislation to curb organized crime that runs like an enterprise. RICO’s applicability hinges not only on the proven existence of an enterprise – be it association of individuals or corporations but also the defendant must possessed a ‘scheme’ and ‘predicate acts’.


A scheme provides the liability and basis for the indictment on racketeering pattern for the predicate acts – a set of criminal activities listed under the US federal statutes such as wire fraud and money laundering  – that are committed by members of the enterprise.

In short RICO acts as a dragnet to prosecute individuals from the same or affiliated to the enterprise in which they acted or complicit in the systematic corruption or racketeering that occurred within purview of the indicted organization.

For the establishment of defendant’s ‘racketeering activity’, it must be proven that they have committed ‘at least two’ of 35 specified criminals acts covered under RICO within a 10 year period of each other that are connected to the affairs of the enterprise.

How RICO works against FIFA

Why would DOJ charged FIFA under RICO, which automatically means DOJ views FIFA as a form of mafia group? Perhaps DOJ realized the corruptions in FIFA are rife and endemic hence it will be easier to pursue the corrupted ‘enterprise’ that exhibits racketeering pattern.

On surface there’s nothing shocking about RICO if it is applied within the US territories but the indictment unto FIFA begets the real question: does RICO have the juridical capacity to be applied outside US or in legal term – ‘extraterritoriality’ – as it was originally enacted under the US federal statute and not part of international law?

US Supreme Court has ruled out RICO’s extraterritoriality in Morrison v. National Australia Bank (2010) but last year the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in European Community v. RJR Nabisco, Inc. (2014) held RICO can be applied extraterritorially if the specific crime under the predicate acts of RICO can be applied extraterritorially. For example if a US citizen was killed abroad, the prosecutor could indict and extradite the defendant to be trial in the US. So any predicate acts that have legal basis for extraterritoriality (like the killing of US citizen) could empower RICO to go global.

US DOJ found out that within the 47-count indictment against FIFA, the predicate acts such as wire fraud, money laundering, bribes and illicit payments were allegedly took place in the US or filtered through US bank accounts – which gave them the jurisdiction to pursue penalties against FIFA’s officials on federal racketeering charges.

When the whole world rejoiced on the indictment, Russian Premier Vladimir Putin rebuked Washington. Mainstream media tried to frame Putin’s disapproval as a sign of Russia’s covering of their alleged corrupted practices for winning the bid to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup.

The media failed to capture the real message of Putin on questioning the validity of RICO’s extraterritoriality that could set a dangerous precedent for the US federal law to go places where it originally holds no jurisdiction and sovereignty.

Hidden Informer

The indictment by DOJ would not be possible, as many believe, without an insider who could reveal the corruption trails. The man who many suspected was Chuck Blazer, former FIFA top officials from the US who himself was indicted in 2014 on corruption and tax evasion charges.    

Blazer agreed to co-operate with the prosecutors to turn against his former colleagues in FIFA and CONCACAF – the North America and Caribbean football governing body as part of his plea-bargaining for lenient sentences.

RICO possible application to 1MDB

What are the potential exposures for 1MDB to be indicted under RICO if the prosecutors managed to establish a racketeering pattern of predicate acts within an enterprise called 1MDB?

At very fundamental level, 1MDB transactions and wire transfers would have been made in US Dollar through the SWIFT international payment system.  This factor alone would made 1MDB susceptible to be investigated and indicted under RICO as the predicate acts (e.g. wire fraud) fall under the US federal criminal law and the RICO Act.

Secondly 1MDB’s investment that was first parked in Cayman Island and then claimed to be repatriated to BSI Bank in Singapore could be another potential exposure to RICO. Latest FIFA indictment under RICO named two offshore banks in Cayman that got involved in the wire transfer of the bribe money.

BSI Singapore holds more surprise as its parent company, BSI SA Lugano of Switzerland was the first bank to reach resolution under DOJ’s Swiss Bank Program' – a program to resolve criminal liabilities in the US. This literally means that DOJ has access to suspicious accounts of BSI’s clients – including 1MDB.

Third and most controversial circumstantial evidence that could blow the money trail involves controversial figures that are deemed indirectly connected to 1MDB in which their acts could be indicted under the predicate acts of RICO. As reported by Louise Story and Stephanie Saul of The New York Times, a young wealthy Malaysian by the name of Jho Low who broke into the scene of rich and famous by purchasing record-breaking million dollars worth of painting (Basquiat’s Dusthead) and an opaque condo purchased using limited liability shell company – a typical setup in performing money laundering activities.

What made him more suspicious was he is also a close friend to Riza Aziz who is a stepson to Prime Minister Dato’ Seri Najib’s – the chairman of Board of Advisor to 1MDB and the Finance Minister who are in charge of overseeing 1MDB as an entity under the MOF Inc.

Jho Low vis-à-vis 1MDB was also mentioned in the United Kingdom court case McKillen v Misland (Cyprus) Investments Ltd and others (2012) pertaining to legal dispute involving Low’s The Wynton Group failed bid of Claridge’s Hotel Group in London. In the full written judgment, Judge David Richards clearly mentioned that the bid by The Wynton Group was backed up and fully underwritten by 1MDB.

There are many more examples to implicate 1MDB under RICO but from the samples above we can sufficiently deduced that 1MDB has high-risk exposure and liable to be indicted under RICO. Perhaps it would not unfold in a straightforward manner and require an informer like Chuck Blazer of FIFA to expose the whole racketeering.

The question is does 1MDB possessed a figure like Chuck Blazer who could turn against 1MDB? High chance they do and we all know who.

This article was originally published by The Malaysian Reserve on 8th June 2015.