Rabu, 21 April 2010

Understanding different strand of Islamic revivalism with special focus in Fethullah Gulen's movement


I would like to share a link which I have explored earlier regarding an interesting scholarly paper by Dr. Ihsan Yilmaz, one of the lecturers in Fateh University in Turkey. The paper is entitled as Beyond Post-Islamism: A Critical Analysis of the Turkish Islamism’s Transformation toward Fethullah Gülen’s Stateless Cosmopolitan Islam.

The abstract can be read below:

With the increased international prominence of Turkey and its successful and internationally respected AK Party government, the Academia’s attention has focused on the Turkish Islamist experience. Turkey had already been seen as an almost unique case as far Islam-state-secularism-democracy relations were concerned but the recent transformation of Turkish Islamism coupled with the global turmoil in the post-9/11 world has made the Turkish case much more important. While Turkish Islamists’ recent transformation that has brought about their rise to the power has been applauded at home and abroad, there are relatively very few studies that analyze their transformation by taking into account the unique experience of Turkish Islamism starting from the 18th & 19th centuries’ Ottoman secularization, Young Ottomans of the 1860s and the Ottoman constitutionalism and democracy. Moreover, some dynamics that affected the change in the Turkish Islamists’ Islamic normative framework have not been analyzed in detail. Thus, this study endeavors to analyze the main factors behind the newly emerged tolerant normative framework of the AK Party leaders who were formerly Islamists. After showing that there are good historical reasons arising from the Ottoman experience of secularism and democracy and arguing based on a brief theoretical discussion of the plurality of Islamisms, it argues that the Turkish Islamism has always differed from the other Islamist experiences. Therefore, in this study, a detailed evaluation of the Turkish Islamist experience starting from the Young Ottomans is undertaken. Then, this paper attempts to show that Islamic groups’ physical and discursive interaction has been a crucial factor in the Turkish Islamism’s transformation. Main premise of this paper is that the Gülen movement has been the most influential factor that has helped the AK Party leaders to develop a more tolerant normative framework and to eventually jettison their Islamism. It is of course difficult to establish casual relationship between two social phenomena but one can underscore correlations. As the main hypothesis is that the Gülen movement has been the most influential factor in the normative transformation of the former Islamists’ mental frameworks and their religio-political worldviews, this paper provides a comparative discourse analysis between Fethullah Gülen’s and Islamists’ ideas on several issues that have been relevant for both Islamism and newly-emerged post-Islamism. To identify these relevant issues (secularism, pluralism, democracy, rule of law, nationalism, state, Islamism, religiosity, the other, borders and dialogue), the paper provides a brief theoretical discussion of Islamism and post-Islamism that will also help the reader to understand the fundamental differences between Islamism and the Gülenian thought. 
You can download the paper here
 

1 ulasan:

mansur berkata...

This is MOST interesting idea that of being "Stateless Cosmopolitan" Muslim.

In one interpretation, is that being a true Muslim [either as minority community or even just a family] in a Non-Muslim state.

That individual or family or small community in a majority Non-Muslim community or State present great challenges and difficulties.

This is true of Muslims in the West ie. Europe, Americas, etc.

This is where the "inner dimensions" of Islam come into manifestations eg. not having to wear the "purdah" in Denmark, Holland, Belgium